Supply Management & Why It Matters

September 25, 2014

Supply management is a unique marketing system whereby farmers grow enough food to match consumer demands and industry needs. Supply management controls domestic production and imports.

In Canada, there are five commodities that are supply-managed:

  • Eggs
  • Milk
  • Chicken
  • Turkey
  • Broiler Hatching Eggs.

BC Egg & Supply Management

Like other marketing boards, BC Egg is a non-profit organization comprised of 136 local egg farmers. BC Egg is authorized to facilitate a system of supply management. Part of what we do at BC Egg is regulate egg production and movement within the province. Egg Farmers of Canada (EFC) coordinates and consolidates provincial efforts.

Why eggs are supply managed

  • Supply management ensures that the eggs purchased at the local retail store are fresh and of high-quality for all Canadians to consume. This system has been around in Canada for more than 40 years.
  • Canadian egg farmers work together (without receiving subsidies) to ensure that the supply of eggs match consumer demand.
  • Egg prices are set by retailers; not Canadian egg farmers.

Why do eggs cost less across the U.S. border?

Did you know that Canada has the population of California? When comparing the US and Canadian markets, Canada is not only a smaller market but also has a lot more land. Logistical costs (for more trucks, gas; and distribution centres and power for keeping eggs refrigerated when being transported), trickle over to the retail price. And this applies to all foods, not just for eggs.

Learn more about cross-border shopping

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